How to Feed Your Layer Birds for Best Egg Production


As a matter of fact, what you feed your animals determine what you will get from them. Mind you their living things, they need the best ingredients to prepare their feed.

They are some materials requires that make up their feed which meet up with the quality needed in the feed for maximum production. Now consider your layers as pregnant women, for her to put to bed safely they need balance diet.

So for layers to produces egg which are the main purpose of keeping them, they need quality feed that meet the requirement.


Though they are companies producing feeds for farmers to buy from, but due to the rising in prices of the ingredients, farmers are not making profit again.


But the question is this, should we (farmers) stop keeping layers? To me the answer is NO
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Once your chickens start laying eggs (around 20 weeks of age) they should be switched to a layer feed for laying hen best production. Layer feeds are formulated for chickens laying table eggs that are those used for human consumption.


Broiler feeds are formulated for those chickens producing hatching eggs “breeders”. The diets are basically the same, but the breeder diets typically have slightly more protein and are fortified with extra vitamins for proper embryo development.


Formulating for the observed feed intake is especially important at onset of lay. The daily feed intake is relatively low in the time between the onset of egg production and peak egg production about 20 to approximately 32 weeks of age.


Yet, it is important to provide the hen with adequate nutrition at this time to sustain increases in body weight and the high demands for egg production, remember that even though the whole flock's egg production is 50%, the hens that are laying eggs lay 1 egg per day (corresponding to 100% egg production for the individual hen).


This high demand for energy and nutrients should be met, but can be difficult because of the relatively low feed intake at this age.


Therefore, it is recommended to start feeding a fairly concentrated diet, formulated for a relatively low feed intake, and then change the diet to a less concentrated diet as the feed intake develops with age.


As I said earlier, the aim of layer diets is to optimize egg production in terms of egg numbers, egg size or egg weight, provide the nutrition required to safeguard health and maintain the desired body weight.


As with pullets, different breeders recommend different feeding strategies for their birds for their hen best production, including the number of different diets fed during the laying stage. Calcium is increased for egg shell formation.


Now that you are familiar with what we are discussing in this article, it was not so easy for me to arrive at this crucial and well developed formula for laying hens.


I will not have free mind if I do not share it with my readers. Do not joke with what you are about to read, is the formula I used that give me up to 85 % production at the peak laying period of my laying birds.


Though I am not forcing you, because their thousands of feed formulas for laying birds, what you are about to get is what I used in my farm for laying hen best production.


How Much to Feed intake lead to laying hen best production

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How much food your laying hens need to consume daily depend greatly on their breed, how much forage they have available, and how warm they are. 
In general, laying hens need between a quarters of a pound and a third of a pound of feed per day to keep them in good health. From my own point of few, over feeding or under feeding will affect hen best production, that is, the body weight, eggs sizes and period of first lay.

So it is very important to know well how to feed them in other not to over feed or under feed. From my calculation, 200 layers of 18 weeks and above will consume 25 kg of layer marsh on daily basis. Feeding them more than this is risky and bellows this is also dangerous.

Layers feed marsh ingredient that affect hen best production
What make up the feeds are as follow:
Maize, Soya, Groundnut cake (GNC), Rice Bran, Bone meal, Limestone, Layer premix, Lysine, Methionine and Palm kernel cake (PKC).

These are the ingredients I used, but this is not matter. What matter here is how to combine these to form are reasonable feed for the laying hen best production

For example, the following table provides information for 100 kg of layer feed or marsh

Ingredients
In kilogram (kg)
Soya
12
Groundnut cake (GNC)
12
Rice Bran
8
Bone meal
10
Limestone
10
Layer Premix
0.4
Lysine
0.2
Methionine
0.1
Palm kernel cake (PKC)
6
Maize
40
total
100.5 kg



The above table is the summery of what I used in producing layer mash for laying hens in my farm. In addition to this, there is need to add some vitamins to complement the feed, these vitamins are

Vitamins
Values
Vitamin A
5,200 U.S.P units/lb
Vitamin D3
1,000 ICU (some may be supplied by sunlight)
Riboflavin
1.37 mg
Pantothenic acid
4 mg
Choline chloride
450 mg
Niacin
17 mg

Calcium supplement affect hen best production

Keep crushed oyster shell available free choice so that your hens may consume extra calcium if they are not getting enough from their feed.

If they have oyster shell, plenty of layer feed, and they are laying thin shelled eggs, or very few eggs, try adding more vitamin D3 to their diet. This vitamin is necessary for proper absorption of calcium.

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